Enteric diseases are caused by micro-organisms such as viruses, bacteria and parasites that cause intestinal illness. These diseases most frequently result from consuming contaminated food or water and some can spread from person to person (Public Health Ontario, 2019).
Most cases of enteric disease are mild and require only a day or two of reduced activities. However, these cases pose a significant burden due to lost productivity and other related costs. Other cases are severe and can result in hospitalization, serious chronic conditions or death. (Public Health Agency of Canada, 2013).