Tubal Ligation/Sterilization

What is it?

Tubal ligation/sterilization (female) is a surgical procedure to close or block the fallopian tubes.

How does it work?

The fallopian tube is blocked, and therefore, the sperm and egg can no longer meet.

Does it prevent sexually transmitted infections?

Remember that most birth control or contraceptive methods will not protect a person from sexually transmitted infections (STIs).  To reduce the risk of STIs, including HIV, use a condom with another method of contraception. This is referred to as dual protection.

To be effective, birth control must be used correctly and consistently. If you want to prevent pregnancy, choose a method that you and your partner will use every time you have intercourse.

Talk to your health-care provider or visit a sexual health clinic to find out what might work best for you and your partner.

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Last updated: 2019-08-07